If you are involved in any type of litigation, such as a divorce, a slip and fall case or a business dispute, you may find yourself being deposed at a deposition.What does that mean?It means that you will be required to attend a question and answer session in which opposing counsel, which may consist of more than one lawyer, will be able to ask you questions about just about everything but your waist size and you will be required to answer them verbally, under oath, all while being recorded by a stenographer.There are no “life lines”, no opportunities to dodge the questions, you are on the spot and in the spotlight, often all while being observed by your opponent who may be your soon-to-be former spouse, your business rival, or your worst enemy.Think you have nothing to hide?That's doubtful.Everyone has some embarrassing history; some buried secrets that they have managed to keep quiet, or worse, some serious transgressions that could permanently damage their reputation or career.Not all attorneys will discover these treasures, and your attorney will try to minimize the impact of these revelations, but it is up to you to make sure that you are not inviting your opponent to easily stumble upon such matters.With Facebook and other social media sites being so widely used, it is easier than ever to research an individual’s personal life.That is why it is very important that you have your Facebook page, Twitter account and similar accounts protected with the highest privacy settings possible.You also should never assume that your on-line connections are truly your friends, any one of them could be a “leak” and may allow your opponent to uncover information that you intended for a limited audience.Your postings could also be subject to the “discovery” process in your case even if you have privacy settings on your account.More alarming is the possibility that a Court may order you to provide password access to those accounts to your opponent.Forbes Magazine has reported that a Connecticut judge ordered a divorcing party to turn over her social media and dating account passwords to her husband's attorney. See the decision at Gallion v. Gallion. Divorcing parties are not the only ones susceptible to this type of damage, personal injury claimants and other litigants can also find themselves unnecessarily exposed.Notwithstanding the privacy settings, do not post anything on these sites or any other website (such as a blog) which you would not want revealed in a courtroom, which is exactly where the information could end up.Even seemingly unrelated postings may give opposing parties or their counsel reason to raise questions about your conduct, connections, financial status, etc.In general, always use your judgment and always limit what you post about yourself on-line, whether or not you have a case pending.When in doubt, do not post!
If there was one piece of advice I could give to people before getting into their car and driving these holidays, it would be to contact their car insurance provider and ask about “med pay” coverage.
What is med pay? Med pay is short for medical payments and is optional coverage that can be added to your normal car insurance policy.Med pay works similar to health insurance in situations when you are injured in a motor vehicle related accident.Instead of giving your health insurance information to a hospital or a doctor following a car accident, you inform them that you have med pay available through your car insurance.Med pay coverage varies, but it generally includes costs such as doctor visits, hospital visits and/or stays, surgery, x-rays, ambulance fees, nursing services and care and so on.Med pay may cover all of these accident related expenses, regardless of who is at fault, and also may cover anyone driving your vehicle or riding as passenger within your vehicle.
If you do not have health care coverage, med pay can be a lifesaver.For instance, med pay would pay your medical bills if you were injured while driving or riding in a car, or were injured by an automobile, such as in a hit and run situation while walking the street or riding your bike.In these situations, med pay would work exactly like health insurance and may be your only resource to pay these bills.Even if you have health insurance, med pay coverage is helpful, as you may be able to use med pay to cover the cost of any deductibles for your health insurance or co-pays for prescriptions.
Never heard of med pay?One reason may be that it is a good deal for the customer and therefore insurance companies do not aggressively market this option.For instance, at the lower levels of coverage, such as $1,000 or $5,000, med pay may only cost you a few dozen extra dollars.Med pay coverage levels go far beyond $5,000, and most insurance companies offer med pay levels of $10,000, $25,000, $50,000, and sometimes even $100,000.For a few extra dollars and a lot of peace of mind, consider taking advantage of med pay coverage.
Brand names, logos, slogans, even website content, are some of your company’s most valuable assets.Though the internet and social media have allowed many businesses to enter the market at a relatively low cost, it also makes copying, stealing and misappropriating easier too. Small businesses can’t be afraid to make the most of their websites, Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn accounts, but they must also be on their guard, and constantly on the lookout for infringers. Once infringement is found, you must be prepared to stop the infringement immediately to protect your brand.
Companies like Thompson Compumark offer trademark and domain name watch services. Reputation.Com also offers professional online reputation management services. You can also set up your own alerts, as well as run periodic searches for your trademarks, slogans and web content. It’s a good idea to use Google Alerts so that every time you, your slogan or your company name appears in the news, you receive notification. You can also search Twitter for any mention of your trademarks or logos using Twinitor.
Having a significantly overweight child could potentially come into play when going through a divorce or custody proceeding. As recently reported in the Wall Street Journal, accusations of inadequate care by parents-- as evidenced by the obesity of their children-- are on the rise.
Although accusations of the inferred inadequate care by parents of severely overweight children are on the rise, it does not mean all courts or judges will consider a child's weight a significant factor. Arguments are often made that being significantly overweight puts your child at risk for a host of problems beyond the obvious physical health risks, including emotional and mental health issues. While certainly there is no single factor that determines a custody case, the physical, emotional, and mental health of your children will be considered, and courts will make orders for what they find to be in "the best interests of the child".
Everyone is aware that driving while distracted is dangerous.Everyone would also likely agree that driving with an obstructed view is dangerous.However, almost everyone would be surprised to learn that under Connecticut law, you might just be driving while distracted or with an obstructed view on account of that graduation tassel, air freshener, or parking pass hanging from your rearview mirror.In fact, Connecticut General Statute section14-99f (c) makes it an infraction to operate a motor vehicle in such instances and provides that: “No article, device, sticker or ornament shall be attached or affixed to or hung on or in any motor vehicle in such a manner or location as to interfere with the operator’s unobstructed view of the highway or to distract the attention of the operator.”(Emphasis added.)While being pulled over and given a ticket because you had your graduation tassel hanging from your rearview mirror might seem a minor nuisance, consider the following.
In order for an officer to pull you over, he generally must have “reasonable and articulable suspicion that a crime has occurred or is occurring.”See Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 21–22 (1968).Once pulled over for a traffic stop, the officer can inquire as to your license, registration and proof of insurance.Moreover, the officer would be able to view you, the driver, any of the occupants in your car, as well as anything in your car in plain sight or emanating from your car, such as smells.What does this mean? It means, for instance, that if you were driving with expired registration or an expired license or, more seriously, driving while impaired or with other illegal substances visible or capable of being smelled, the officer would become aware of this and could ticket or arrest you for those violations or crimes.
This is exactly what happened in the recent Supreme Court case State v. Cyrus, 297 Conn. 829 (2010).In that case, for several reasons, the officer pulled over a driver because he observed a cross hanging from the rearview mirror.This gave the officer a reason to pull over the vehicle and ultimately discover the driver did not have a driver’s license and was driving while intoxicated.Ultimately the evidence in that case was barred from being introduced because the officer failed to provide enough testimony to demonstrate that he reasonably believed that the hanging cross was distracting the driver or obstructing his view, rather than simply hanging there in violation of the law.In light of Cyrus, police now know to be specific in describing their reasonable belief that the hanging object was distracting the driver or obstructing their view.
The lesson to be learned: remove all hanging objects from your rearview mirror, lest a minor infraction yield to bigger violation.I, for one, had to remove my favorite fuzzy dice.
Small business owners tend to reinvest (or at least should reinvest) a good portion of their profits back into their business to help it grow.A large portion of that investment usually goes to advertising. Most small business owners understand that advertising and building their brand is one of the most important things you can do for your business, but many don’t realize that a brand name can be one of your business’s most important assets. It’s not a coincidence that companies like Nike and Procter & Gamble spend literally millions of dollars per year protecting their trademarks. One thing small business owners can do is to file for federal trademark protection with the US Patent & Trademark Office. The cost is relatively low when compared with the protection that is afforded ($275-$325 filing fee plus attorney’s fees).Filing a US trademark not only prevents your competitors from using a confusingly similar name nationwide, but it also ensures that you are entitled to be using your name. With today’s global online marketplace, there are millions of businesses operating and it is important to make sure that your brand is unique and available before spending money to build and promote that brand. A good brand can be worth a lot of money. Isn’t it a good idea to take proactive steps to protect one of your business’ most important assets?
While most victims of negligence in the provision of medical care by health care providers may seek redress through the traditional tort system via a lawsuit alleging medical malpractice, those suffering injury or death allegedly caused by the administration of certain vaccines are, as a practical matter, compelled by federal law to pursue their claims for compensation through the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP), rather than pursuing claims against the vaccines’ manufacturers or against the health care providers who administered the vaccines.
Created pursuant to the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, codified at 42 U.S.C. §§ 300aa-1 to -34, the VICP provides a no-fault compensation system through which persons may file a petition before the federal government for monetary damages.
VICP claims are filed with, managed and adjudicated by the Office of Special Masters within the United States Court of Federal Claims, located in Washington, D.C.
Compensation, if awarded, is made by the Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund, which is funded by an excise tax on each dose of certain vaccines which are recommended for routine administration to children by the Centers for Disease Control.
For more information about the VICP, including a table of covered vaccines, compensable injuries, and information about the claims process, visit the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program website at: http://www.hrsa.gov/vaccinecompensation/index.html
The recent severe weather in Connecticut, including last winter's record-breaking snowfall, this summer’s Hurricane Irene and the widespread damage caused by October’s recent winter storm, have taught many lessons. One particularly worthwhile lesson is to always have your insurance documents available, and to have the most recent versions of these documents. A case in point: a potential client contacted me in despair concerning damage to her home. The person lamented that after reviewing their insurance policy, all the person could find were items that were not covered. Upon meeting with the person, I found the reason for their initial pessimism: the person only had in their possession their monthly billing statements and recent mailings from the insurance company amending the list of exclusions under the person’s policy. The person did not have the most important part of their policy, namely, the actual coverage documents, which were crucial to answering the question at hand. The lesson to be learned is that one should always make sure to have all insurance documents at hand, and to periodically request a copy of the entire updated policy, and not just rely on the updates sent out from time to time. Having an updated copy of your policy makes it much easier to ascertain what your coverage is, rather than reading a ten year old policy and comparing it to perhaps dozens of amendments that the insurance company made in the ensuing period. Having an updated and complete insurance policy may not protect you from severe weather, but it will be an invaluable step forward in recovering from such events.
Public Act 11-51 §§ 216-220 make some significant changes to the penalty for driving under the influence of alcohol or other drugs in Connecticut. These provisions go into affect on January 1, 2012. First, this Act provides that in addition to a fine and term of imprisonment (or community service), an offender will have their license suspended for a period of forty-five days. Following the forty-five day suspension, the offender can have their license restored only if they have installed a functioning, approved ignition interlock device, which must remain installed for a year. An "ignition interlock device" means a device installed in a motor vehicle that measures the blood alcohol content of the operator and disallows the mechanical operation of such motor vehicle until the blood alcohol content of such operator is less than twenty-five thousandths of one per cent.
In an effort to help reduce legal fees and give parties more options, Brown, Paindiris & Scott Attorney Barry Armata is working with the Connecticut Bar Association and the Connecticut Bar Foundation to advance the missions of both the Connecticut Judiciary’s Public Service and Trust Commission, as well as the Access to Justice Commission to bring Limited Scope Representation (Unbundling) to Connecticut. As both a James W. Cooper Fellow and the past Chair of the Connecticut Bar Association’s Family Law section, Attorney Armata helped to organize a symposium on the benefits and risks of limited scope representation.
Limited scope representation, commonly called unbundling, allows for lawyers to represent clients in limited capacities- one day in court, on a specific motion only, to take a deposition, etc. This type of representation, which is allowed in 43 other states, allows parties to have greater control over their legal fees. The symposium was held at Quinnipiac Law School on October 28, 2011 and featured prominent national and local experts on limited scope representation.